Knowledge Base

Welcome to your source for all things cannabis. The knowledge base covers common questions about everything from accessories to extracts. Read on to get to know this flower a little better.

Cannabis

Used as far back as 10,000 years ago, humans have cultivated the cannabis plant for many purposes. Originally used for its strength, hemp has been utilized in the making of rope, textiles and building materials. Cannabis has also been used for medicinal and spiritual purposes for thousands of years, including as an anaesthetic for surgery in ancient China. To this day, cannabis is used medicinally, spiritually and recreationally. Learn more about the many formats of cannabis below.

Accessories

Complement your cannabis consumption ritual with some of the finest grinders, papers and extras available on the market. We know each cannabis user likes different things and strive to provide the right-fit product support for every unique experience expectation.
Cannabis

Dried Flower

Dried cannabis flower is the foundation for all cannabis products. Female flowers produce more THC and other cannabinoids than male plants. Male plants are sequestered away from female plants to stop them from fertilizing the females and producing seeds. Seeds can pop when rolled and smoked, making for an uneven smoke in a session. The female flowers are fertilized by the male plants to produce cannabis seeds.
Dried Flower
1 Bud
The flower of the female cannabis plant produces concentrated and complex cannabinoids. Dried bud is smoked and/or vaped; it’s also used to make concentrates, extracts, edibles and topicals.
2 Trichomes
Where the magic happens! Trichomes are the glistening bulbs that frost the cannabis flower. They produce the highest concentrations of cannabinoids and terpenes in cannabis.
3 Sugar Leaves
Sugar leaves are smaller leaves that grow directly out of the bud. They have high concentrations of cannabinoids. Some are left on dried flower buds and others are dried and cured to make other types of cannabis products like edibles, beverages, vaping oils and topicals.
4 Fan Leaves
Fan leaves are the most recognizable part of the cannabis plant, but aren’t used in making cannabis products. With low to no concentration of THC and CBD, these are typically trimmed and tossed during harvest.
5 Stem
Stems support the plant as it grows but they don’t produce cannabinoids and terpenes. Stems are trimmed and tossed.
Terpenes
Terpenes are essential oils found in all plants. There are over 400 known terpenes and more than 100 have been found in different strains of cannabis. Each terpene has its own unique scent and flavour profiles.
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Cannabis

Edibles

A smoke-free option in the cannabis journey. Edibles are made by extracting THC and CBD out of the dried flower into a lipid base, like butter or oil. The extracted cannabis is then used to make the cannabis edible. Edibles act differently on the body than cannabis that is inhaled. Because they are digested through the liver and stomach, the effects take longer to feel - 30 minutes to 2 hours for most. Effects also last longer with edibles and create more of a full-body high. Health Canada sets a maximum of 10 mg of THC for any cannabis edibles. There is no limit on how much CBD can be included in an edible.
Edibles
Consumption
Start low and go slow with edibles and wait at least two hours after consuming before trying any more. The package will provide the total mg of THC and CBD inside. With a single item inside, like a chocolate bar, the total mg is how much is in the full bar. With multiple pieces, like a pack of 5 gummies with a total of 10 mg of THC, each gummy will have 2 mg.
Formats
A few of the most popular edibles are chocolate, gummies, cookies, brownies and caramels, with more varieties arriving evey week.
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Cannabis

Beverages

Like edibles, cannabis infused beverages offer a smoke-free option. Beverages use a sophisticated nano-emulsification process to extract THC and CBD. This avoids the need to include heavy butters and oils for the cannabinoids to bind, so the finished product is a clear and refreshing drink. As with edibles, the maximum allowable amount of THC in a single unit is 10 mg. There is no set limit on how much CBD can be included in a cannabis beverage.
Beverages
Consumption
Beverages work on the body the same way edibles do - through digestion. Effects can take several hours to feel. Start low, go slow and be patient!
Alcohol Free
By regulation, cannabis beverages cannot contain alcohol and have set limits on caffeine. Mixing any cannabis product with alcohol is not recommended.
Formats
Cannabis-infused beverages are available in many forms: sparkling or flat water, flavoured drinks and tea bags.
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Cannabis

Concentrates

The strongest form and most potent category of cannabis are concentrates. Concentrates are made through a variety of extraction methods which separate the THC, CBD, and terpenes from the plant matter. The end result is a highly concentrated punch of cannabinoids. Many concentrates get their name from the texture of the finished product, like shatter, wax, or budder.
Concentrates
Consumption
Solid and semi-solid concentrates like hash, kief, shatter, and wax are often vaped, dabbed, rolled into a thin tube around a joint or sprinkled into a bowl. Liquid concentrates for vaping will always come pre-assembled and ready to vape in a 510 cartridge, a Pax pod or a disposable pen.
Also Known As
Distillate, Isolate, Live Resin, Phoenix Tears, Hash, Dabs, Shatter.
Extraction
Extraction methods vary for different types of concentrates. Kief is the trichomes separated from the plant and uses no solvents. Traditional hash is kief that has been compressed into a brick or a block. Other types of extracts use CO2 and pressure, or solvents like butane to extract THC, CBD, and terpenes from plant matter.
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Cannabis

Oil Extracts

Cannabis oil is the thick, sticky, resinous THC and CBD that is extracted from the cannabis plant by separating the resins from cannabis flowers using a solvent extraction process.
Oil Extracts
Consumption
Edible oils, capsules and sprays are for ingesting only and should never be vaped. They are offered in an MCT (medium chain triglyceride) oil base. Sprays and oils can be held under the tongue to speed up absorption and enjoy the effects sooner. Oils, sprays, and capsules that are swallowed will have the same onset time as other ingested cannabis products.
Also Known As
Cannabis Oil, Hash Oil, Honey Oil.
Formats
Oils for ingesting are available as drops, sprays, and capsules. They offer a great and discreet, smoke-free way to consume. It also allows for evenly measured dosing for the microdose enthusiast.
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Accessories

Pipes

The pipe is the quintessential tool for smokers who prefer a convenient way to smoke small amounts of cannabis. They are typically small, portable and come in a variety of shapes, colours and designs. Regular use of a pipe will lead to the need for maintenance and cleaning, as resin will begin to affect the functionality and taste of the pipe.
Pipes
1 Material
Pipes can be made out of just about anything, but are typically wood, glass or metal.
2 Mouthpiece
The user places their mouth on the mouthpiece and inhales the smoke from the bowl.
3 Stem
The stem connects the bowl and the mouthpiece, drawing smoke from one end of the pipe to the other.
4 Bowl
Where the dried cannabis is loaded and lit.
5 Carb
A small hole which is covered during combustion and released to clear the pipe at the end of a toke.
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Accessories

Water Pipes (Bongs)

Commonly referred to as bongs, water pipes offer smokers a less harsh way to inhale cannabis. A water pipe cools the smoke by passing it through water before it is inhaled for a smoother experience. Water pipes range greatly in price based on the quality of materials, artistry and custom functionality.
Water Pipes (Bongs)
1 Mouthpiece
The user creates an air-tight seal with their mouth and inhales the smoke from here.
2 Tube
The chamber fills with smoke that has filtered through the water.
3 Bowl
The bulbous, removable attachment where dried cannabis is loaded and combusted. On some models, a banger attachment can be added for dabbing concentrates.
4 Water
Water cools the cannabis hit, making for a smoother inhale.
5 Downstem
A small tube that facilitates the smokes journey from the bowl down to the base to percolate through water.
6 Base
A stable base can make for easier handling and a smooth session. They are made in many shapes and feature many styles.
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Accessories

Vaporizers

Vaping is short for vaporizing and is a way to inhale cannabis without combusting it. Vaping works by heating the cannabis just enough to vaporize the cannabinoids and terpenes without creating so much heat that the product combusts, burns, and turns to ash. With conventional smoking, combustion happens so fast that a lot of THC, CBD, and terpenes are burned away before they can be enjoyed. Whereas, vaping slows the process down so the cannabis goes further and lasts longer.

Vaping produces only a subtle scent, making it a fast-acting and more discreet way to consume. Some vapes are for dried flower, others for concentrates, and some are dual-use. There may be health risks associated with vaping that are not fully known or understood. Refer to Health Canada for risks of vaping.
Vaporizers
1 Mouthpiece
Typically silicone, glass or plastic material, this is where the vapor is drawn from.
2 Coil
The heating element warms the dry flower to vaping temperature.
3 Button
Most vape models have a single button. Many also have pre-set temperature ranges that can be adjusted with the single button to set the temperature to a personal preference.
4 Battery
All vapes need a battery to power them. Disposable vapes are not rechargeable and are discarded when the product inside is finished or the battery runs out. Most rechargeable vapes use a USB cable to juice back up before the next use.
Battery Cases
A ton of cool and unique styles of batter cases make buying a reusable vape pen a matter of personal style.
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Accessories

Grinders

Grinders provide a fast and convenient way to break up cannabis into small bits. When ground, the flower is more consistent in size and easier to roll. Grinding also helps catch any stem that could puncture through the paper as it's rolled. Grinding helps avoid unpredictable hits and cherried bowls when using a bong. Using a grinder is ideal for avoiding too much hand contact with the flower, as overhandling can cause precious trichomes to end up stuck to fingers instead of in the joint or bowl. Grinders can be simple two-piece models, but most are three or even more. A typical three-chamber unit breaks up dried bud and collects kief to sprinkle into a roll.
Grinders
1 Lid
Keep the lid tight to keep flower off the carpet. Some grinders are equipped with a magnetic lid.
2 Grinder Chamber
Sharp teeth break up cannabis when the top and bottom of the chamber are twisted.
3 Collection Chamber
Located under the grinding teeth, the collection chamber collects the broken-up cannabis.
4 Kief Collection Chamber
Where any kief that falls through the fine mesh screen is collected.
Material
The best grinders are usually made from aluminum or zinc. Wood, plastic and acrylic are less expensive, but less durable.
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